December 5, 2020

Introduction to psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disorder that is considered chronic. It will come and go and there is no cure at the moment. The disease can be controlled with appropriate treatment and an active management role from outside the doctor’s office. Psoriasis in New York occurs due to the overproduction of skin cells throughout the body. These skin cells accumulate on the skin, quickly leaving raised, red patches covered in silver scales. Spots can be found all over the body and both men and women can get this skin condition; it cannot be passed from one person to another. There have been studies that indicate it can show up in families; it is also associated with diseases such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms

There are some symptoms that indicate an exacerbation of the disease. One of the first symptoms is red, raised patches of skin with silver scales; these spots can itch and cause pain quite quickly after being seen. The area can crack and bleed if the person actually scratches, so patients are not advised to even touch the affected areas unless they are applying medication. Patches can be small or large areas, but they are easy to spot anyway.

Types of psoriasis

Dental psoriasis is the most common type among doctors; it is usually found on the scalp, elbows and knees, but can be anywhere. In inverse psoriasis, the red patches of skin are smoother and less lumpy than plaque, and are visible in the armpits, under the breast, groin, and genitals. Children appear with Guttate psoriasis, which has pink areas that are found on the trunk, scalp, legs, and arms. A bacterial infection can trigger this type of psoriasis, and doctors usually look for it in those who fall under the age category. Blisters quickly appear with a pustular type of psoriasis that manifests itself on the arms and legs. There may also be fever and chills that accompany pustules. Nail psoriasis is found in nails and toenails with the possibility that nails may be lost during an exacerbation. The erythrodermic type is not so visible, but very severe. The condition looks like a sunburn on large areas of the body, and the skin is red and will peel off. In psoriatic arthritis, not only the skin is affected, but also the joints.

Healing

There are medications that can help a psoriasis patient. For mild to moderate psoriasis, topical treatments that are used include moisturizers, corticosteroids, and retinol. Many themes can be applied at home, making the choice easier for patients who want to avoid excessive visits to the medical office or clinic. Medicines can be given orally or by injection, but this category of medicines is not for long-term use. Some of the more prescribed injections are retinoids and biologics, which work with the immune system to address significant breakouts. For injections, a doctor must be present who will inject himself. Light therapy is beneficial for people with milder to moderate flares.

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